Hobson DD- 464 - Historija

Hobson DD- 464 - Historija


We are searching data for your request:

Forums and discussions:
Manuals and reference books:
Data from registers:
Wait the end of the search in all databases.
Upon completion, a link will appear to access the found materials.

Hobson

(DD-464: dp. 1630, 1. 348'1 "b. 36'1"; dr. 15'S "; s. 38 k .; kpl. 208; a. 4 5", 4 1,1 ", 5 21" tt., 5 dcp., 2 dct .; kl. Bristol)

Hobson (DD-464) lansiralo je Charleston Navy Yard, Charleston, S.C., 8. septembra 1941; pod pokroviteljstvom gđe R. P.Hobson, udovice kontraadmirala Hobsona, i pušten u rad 22. januara 1942., Comdr. N. McFarlane zapovijeda.

Nakon opsežnih potresa i operacija obuke u Casco Bayu, Maine, novi razarač pridružio se veteran -nosaču Ranger u Norfolku i otplovio 1. jula kako bi je otpratio do Afrike. Noseći vitalni teret 72 aviona P 40, Ranger je bezbedno stigao preko Trinidada, iskrcao avione i vratio se sa Hobsonom 5. avgusta 1942. Razarač je zatim izveo obuku u blizini Newporta i Norfolka do 3. oktobra, kada je otputovala iz Norfolka na Bermude na pratnju.

Dok su se saveznici pripremali za iskrcavanje u Sjevernoj Africi u hrabrom amfibijskom napadu preko Atlantika, `Hobson se pridružio grupi za napad na centar. Njen glavni posao bio je da pregleda i zaštiti Rangera, dok je mobilna vazdušna snaga nosača podržala napad. Polazeći 25. oktobra sa Bermuda, grupa I Hobson n -a stigla je 8. novembra sa Fedhale i tokom slijetanja pružala je neophodnu vazdušnu podršku. Rangerovi avioni pogodili su obalne baterije, nepokretni francuski bojni brod Jean Bart, a kasnije su pomogli u odbijanju napada francuskih brodova na transportno područje. Hobson je pregledavala Rangera dok nije 11. novembra otplovila za Norfolk napuštajući saveznike, 'potpuno komandujući napadnim područjem.

Po povratku u Norfolk 27. novembra 1942., razarač je sudjelovao u vježbama u zaljevu Casco, a kasnije je u decembru dospio konvojem u zonu kanala. Brod se ponovo pridružio Rangeru početkom 1943. godine, a protupodmornička patrolna grupa otplovila je 8. januara kako bi patrolirala zapadnim Atlantikom. Grupe poput Rangerove učinile su mnogo da zaštite savezničke brodove u Atlantiku od podmornica i snažno su doprinijele konačnoj pobjedi u Evropi. Tipično za Hobsonov svestrani nastup bilo je njeno spašavanje grupe preživjelih iz SS St. Margaret kod Bermuda 2. marta 1943.

U aprilu su Hobson i Ranger stigli u Argentiju i započeli operacije izvan te baze. Brodovi su pružali zračno pokriće za konvoje i protupodmorničke patrole, a u julu 1943. godine imali su čast konvojem HMS Queen Mary prevesti premijera Churchilla na konferenciju u Quebecu. Razarač veteran stigao je u Boston 27. jula kako bi se pripremio za nove dužnosti.

Hobson je s Rangerom i drugim brodovima otplovio 5. kolovoza kako bi se pridružio britanskoj matičnoj floti u Scapa Flowu. Stigavši ​​19. avgusta, djelovala je po naredbama Kraljevske mornarice u sjevernim vodama, pomažući pri pokrivanju vitalnih konvoja za opskrbu Rusije. Dok je bila u Scapa Flowu 21. septembra, pregledali su je sekretar mornarice Knox i admiral Stark. Hobson je bio u pratnji Rangera u odvažnom napadu 2. 4. oktobra 1943., dok su avioni -nosači izveli razoran napad na njemačko brodarstvo u norveškom Bodu. Nakon ove operacije razarač je nastavio djelovati s Home Fleet -om. Ona je pregledala HMS Formidable tokom letačkih operacija U novembru i nakon dva konvojska putovanja na Island vratila se u Boston i američku kontrolu 3. decembra 1943.

Tokom prva 2 mjeseca 1944., Hobson je trenirao u zaljevu Chesapeake i djelovao je s nosačima između istočne obale i Bermuda. Pridružila se pratnji Bogueu i drugoj pratnji u Norfolku, polazeći 26. februara. Ove grupe lovaca i ubojica odigrale su važnu ulogu u istjerivanju njemačkih podmornica s morskih putova, a ovo krstarenje nije bilo iznimka. Nakon patroliranja koje je trajalo više od 2 sedmice, razarači su uočili naftnu mrlju, uspostavili kontakt sa sonarom i započeli napade po dubini 13. marta poslijepodne. Podmornica U ~ 575 koja je izvještavala o vremenskim prilikama bila je ozbiljno oštećena i morala je isplivati ​​na površinu, nakon čega je pucnjava iz Hobsona i drugih brodova potopila nju. Nakon što su se dodatne podmornice proširile istočno do Azorskih otoka, Hobson se vratio u Boston 2. aprila.

Neko vrijeme saveznici su prikupljali ogromnu snagu u Engleskoj za eventualnu invaziju na Francusku, a razarač se spasio 21. aprila 1944. pridruživši se velikoj armadi koja će prevoziti i štititi vojnike. Provela je mjesec dana u patroli kod Sjeverne Irske, a stigavši ​​21. svibnja u Plymouth na posljednje pripreme za invaziju, dodijeljena napadnoj grupi Utah Beach kontraadmirala Moona, Hobson je s drugim brodovima iz grupe za bombardiranje stigla iz Normandije u 6.40. daleko od njemačkih obalnih baterija. Tijekom ranih sati Corry je udario u minu i potonuo, nakon čega su Hob ~ on i Fitch pucali na njemačke obale, istovremeno spašavajući preživjele iz vode. Hobson je nastavio pružati snažnu vatrenu podršku sve dok se kasnije popodne nije vratio u Plymouth.

Razarač nije dugo izašao iz borbe, međutim, vratio se 8. juna kako bi pregledao područje napada. Takođe je ometala radio-frekvencije bombi jedrilica od 9. do 11. juna i obezbijedila zaštitu konvoja Charnel-a. Sa saveznicima kojima je izrazito bila potrebna dobra luka u Francuskoj, Hobson je 25. juna otputovao u Cherbourg kako bi pomogao u bombardovanju. Čula je za velike baterije, ekranizirane bojne brodove Texas i Arkansas; a kad su se bojni brodovi opasno raspali, Hobson i Plunkett napravili su pokrivni dim koji je svima omogućio povlačenje. Nekoliko dana kasnije saveznici su okupirali Cherbourg.

Hobsonova sljedeća dužnost odvela ju je na Mediteran; stigla je u Mers el Kebir, Alžir, 11. jula, i mjesec dana obavljala konvojske dužnosti do i iz Taranta u Italiji. Pridruživši se kontraadmiralu Rodgers Delta Assault Force, isplovila je iz Taranta 11. avgusta za invaziju na jug Francuske. Rano 15. avgusta djelovala je kao posmatrač za preliminarno bombardovanje Nevade; i, dok su trupe izlazile na obalu, pružale direktnu vatrenu podršku vlastitim baterijama. Razarač je ostao u zoni napada do sljedeće večeri, stigavši ​​u Palermo 17. augusta kako bi preuzeo dužnost mediteranskog konvoja.

Kako je saveznička ofenziva u Europi dobivala na zamahu, Hobson se kretao kao pratnja konvoja između Alžira, Italije i Francuske štiteći vitalne zalihe i trupe. Otplovila je za Sjedinjene Američke Države 25. oktobra 1944. godine, a u Charleston je stigla preko Bermuda 10. novembra. Tamo je ušla u pomorsko brodogradilište i pretvorena u čistač mina razarača, te reklasifikovala DMS-26, 15. novembra 1944. Do decembra je prošla suđenja i obuku u blizini Charlestona i Norfolka.

Hobson je isplovio 4. januara 1945. preko Panamskog kanala kako bi se pridružio pomorskim snagama raspoređenim protiv Japana na Pacifiku. Dolaskom u Pearl Harbor 11. februara, brod je prošao dodatnu obuku u borbi protiv mina prije nego što je 24. februara otplovio za Eniwetok i dio posljednje i najveće pacifičke amfibijske operacije, Okinawe.

Ploveći 19. marta sa minsko -čistačkom grupom, Hobson obson je stigao na Okinavu dosta prije jurišnih trupa da pomete obalna područja, a često ga je napadao i japanski avion. Kako je napad počeo 1. aprila, brod je također preuzeo patrolne dužnosti i osigurao noćno osvjetljenje tokom prvih kritičnih dana kampanje. Kako su očajnički neprijateljski samoubilački napadi odbijeni uz velike gubitke, Hobson je pozvan 13. aprila da zauzme radarsku stanicu na kojoj je prethodnu noć potonuo Mannert L. Abele u teškom napadu. Nastavila je s piketom i brisanjem dužnosti do 16. aprila, kada se još jedan samoubilački napad približio oko 09:00. Hobson je pljusnuo jednog od napadača, ali je drugi srušio Pringle, izazivajući nasilnu eksploziju. Samo nekoliko minuta kasnije, drugi avion je izbačen tik uz Hobsonov desni bok, ali je njena bomba eksplodirala na glavnoj palubi i izazvala veliki požar. I dalje pucajući na kamikaze, brod je obnovio snagu, borio se s požarima i pokupio preko 100 preživjelih iz potonulog Pringlea. Nakon napada usidrila se u Kerma Retto, vrativši se u Ulithi 29. aprila i Pearl Harbor 16. maja. Hobson je zatim otplovila preko San Diega i zone kanala do pomorskog brodogradilišta Norfolk, gdje je stigla 16. juna 1945. na popravke.

Do predaje Japana došlo je dok se C još uvijek popravljao, a nakon što je završila obuku o probijanju, provela je februar 1946. na operacijama čišćenja mina izvan Yorktowna, VA. Ostatak godine proveo je u vježbama obuke i spremnosti na Karibima i izvan Norfolka. Do 1950. godine brod je nastavio djelovati uz istočnu obalu i u karipskim vodama u amfibijskim i minskim operacijama. Krajem 1948. posjetila je Argentinu i Halifax radi čišćenja mina sa kanadskim brodovima.

Izbijanjem korejskog sukoba u junu 1950. godine, raspored obuke Hobsona se intenzivirao. Učestvovala je u amfibijskim vježbama u blizini Sjeverne Karoline i u Portoriku 1950.-51. Te je učestvovala u operacijama nosača kao čuvar aviona i brod za skrining. Tokom jednog takvog obroka, sa nosačem Wasp, a je u noći sa 26. aprila 1952. pare nastajalo 700 milja zapadno od Azorskih ostrva. Dok su se brodovi okretali prema vjetru kako bi Wasp mogao oporaviti avione, Hobson je prešao pramca nosača sa desnog boka u luku i pogođen usred brodova. Snaga sudara otkotrljala je razarač-minolovac
prelomio je na dva dijela. Rodman i Wasp spasili su mnoge preživjele, ali su brod i 176 članova posade izgubljeni, uključujući i njenog zapovjednika, potpukovnika. W. J. Tierney. Tako je tragedija završila dugu karijeru galantnog broda. Hobson je za službu u Drugom svjetskom ratu dobio šest borbenih zvijezda i podijeljen je u predsjedničkoj jedinici Citation dodijeljen brodovima u podmorničkoj radnoj grupi Bogue na Atlantiku.


Hobson DD- 464 - Historija

Predsjednik Sjedinjenih Država sa zadovoljstvom predstavlja CITACIJU PREDSJEDNIČKE JEDINICE

& ldquoZa izvanredne performanse u borbi protiv neprijateljskih podmornica u Atlantskom području od 20. travnja 1943. do 3. srpnja 1944. Izvođenje snažnih i trajnih ofenzivnih akcija u razdoblju velikih njemačkih podmorskih koncentracija koje su prijetile našem neprekidnom protoku zaliha za Europsko kazalište operacije, USS BOGUE, njeni ukrcani avioni i njena pratnja nemilosrdno su pratili neprijateljske čopore i nepokolebljivom budnošću, upornom agresivnošću i savršenom saradnjom svih uključenih jedinica potopili su značajan broj neprijateljskih podmornica. Vrhunsko vođstvo BOGUE -a i galantan duh oficira i ljudi koji su se borili protiv njenih aviona i popunjavali njene brodove za pratnju bili su u velikoj mjeri ključni za prisilno povlačenje neprijateljskih podmornica s ruta opskrbe bitnih za održavanje naše uspostavljene vojne nadmoći. & Rdquo

Američki brodovi Bogue, Lea, Greene, Belknap, Osmond Ingram, George E. Badger i VC-9 od 20. aprila do 20. juna 1943.

Američki brodovi Bogue, Osmond Ingram, George E. Badger, Clemson i VC-9 od 12. jula do 23. avgusta 1943.

Američki brodovi Bogue, Osmond Ingram, George E. Badger, Clemson, Dupont i VC-19 od 14. novembra do 29. decembra 1943.

Američki brodovi Bogue, Haverfield, Swenning, Willis, Hobson (do 25. marta), Janssen (do 7. aprila) i VC-95 od 26. februara do 19. aprila 1944.

Američki brodovi Bogue, Haverfield, Swenning, Willis, Janssen, F. W. Robinson i VC-69 od 4. maja do 3. jula 1944.

/ s/ James Forrestal
Sekretar mornarice

Izvor: NARA Modern Military Records (NECTM). Odsjek za usluge tekstualnih arhiva.


Hobson DD- 464 - Historija

The U.S.S. Hobson (DD-464), a Gleaves-razarač klase izgrađen je u mornaričkom dvorištu Charleston i pušten u rad ubrzo nakon izbijanja Drugog svjetskog rata. Tokom rata vidjela je akcije u sjevernoj Africi, zapadnom Atlantiku i na Dan D. Krajem 1944. pretvorena je u razarač-minolovac i reklasificirala DMS-26. Nakon ovog obraćenja vidjela je tešku akciju u blizini Okinawe, gdje je pretrpjela značajne žrtve i štetu od neprijateljskih samoubilačkih napada. Popravke su završene nakon Drugog svjetskog rata i Hobson godine preuzeo dužnost uništavača-minolovaca u Atlantskoj floti.

U noći 26. aprila 1952. godine Hobson je bio brod za podršku nosaču aviona U.S.S. Osa (CV-18), koji je izvodio letove 700 milja zapadno od Azorskih ostrva (38 stepeni 27 minuta sjeverno/41 stepen 21 minut zapadno). Bio je na putu da obiđe 20 različitih mediteranskih luka. The Wasp počeo okretanje u vjetar kako bi se pripremio za oporavak aviona. The Hobson potrebno za manevriranje kako bi se održao ispravan položaj u odnosu na Wasp. Dogodio se tragičan pogrešan izračun Hobson most te noći. The Hobson okrenuo luku u manevru koji je zahtijevao prelazak pramca Osa, umjesto da jednostavno zaostanete za Wasp i okretanje u budnom stanju nosača. The Hobson je pogođen usred brodova Wasp. Sudar je presekao Hobson na pola. Potonula je za manje od pet minuta. 176 njene posade izgubljeno je na moru, mnogi spavaju u svojim odjelima za vez.

Sadržaj:

  • Uvod
  • 176 Žrtve
  • Brodski drugovi koji su preživjeli
  • U sjećanju
  • Objavljene priče o USS Hobsonu
  • Komentari čitalaca

176 Žrtava:

[KWE Napomena: Procjenjuje se da je 150 članova posade spavalo kada se sudar dogodio i brod je potonuo u roku od četiri minute, zbog čega je stopa smrtnosti bila tako visoka.]

  1. Allen, William Erby, 20, Columbia, TN
  2. Amico, Michael, 20, Detroit, MI
  3. Antley, Lawrence A., 19, Charleston, SC
  4. Arayes, George, 24, Brooklyn, NY
  5. Baker, David, 18, Elstead, NY
  6. Baker, Harold K., Dansville, NY
  7. Baker, Sam K., 25, Muskogee, OK
  8. Balzer, Andrew J., 21, Beaver Falls, PA
  9. Bass, Arthur J., 21, Mohawk, NY
  10. Becker, Efracio L., 26, Philadelphia, PA
  11. Behnke, Gary R., 19, Royal Oak, MI
  12. Bells, J.C., 27, Wesson, MS
  13. Berry, William J., 21, Spartanburg, SC
  14. Blackburn, Willie R., 25, Blanco, Teksas
  15. Bloomfield, Louis E., 20, Richmond, VA
  16. Bond, Alvin C., 20, Wichita Falls, TX
  17. Boney, Leroy, 20, Wilmington, NC
  18. Booker, Julian R., 21, Americus, GA
  19. Braunschweig, Wallace J., 21, Beaver Dam, WI
  20. Brennan, John J., 19, Southampton, NY
  21. Breuer, Buell C., 29, Rolla, MO
  22. Brobst, James H. Jr., 22, Allentown, PA
  23. Brooks, Joseph T., 39, Elberton, GA
  24. Brooks, Robert A., 19, Buffalo, NY
  25. Bryant, Clayton E., 18, Houston, TX
  26. Buckner, Earnest B., Alexander City, AL
  27. Burchett, Oscar L. Jr., 22, Nevis, MN
  28. Burr, Dwight L., 20, Wadesboro, NC
  29. Callahan, William T., 38, Zebulon, GA
  30. Carlson, Harold R. Jr., 17, Delavan, WI
  31. Carr, Patrick Eugene, 21, Galesburg, IL
  32. Chrobak, Casimir M., 29, Worchester, MA
  33. Clements, John J. & "Jack & quot Jr.", 21, Audubon Park, NJ
  34. Cofer, John Monroe, 34, Cleveland, TN
  35. Cole, Paul L., 21, North Lewisburg, OH
  36. Comins, John P., 22, Reading, PA
  37. Cornell, Richard D., 21, Richmond, VA
  38. Costello, William H., 27, Winchester, MA
  39. Craver, Samuel D., 27, Rochester, NY
  40. Cropsey, Richard L., 23, New York, NY
  41. Crotts, Porter L. Jr., 24, Spindale, NC
  42. Culham, Merrill M., 19, Lansing, MI
  43. Cutler, Donald L., 19, Dover Plains, NY
  44. Davis, Basil, 21, Jacksonville, FL
  45. Davis, Jerry, 20, Kirksville, MO
  46. Degaglia, James D., 19, Norwalk, CT
  47. Deuel, Norman J., 19, Grand Ledge, MI
  48. Dingman, Frank A., 18, Alexandria Bay, NY
  49. Duke, Herman J. Jr., 22, Richmond, VA
  50. Dunst, Joseph, 20, Bronx, NY
  51. Earnst, Samuel P., 22, Brookville, OH
  52. Eisenbrey, Harry Y., 21, Edgely, PA
  53. Eisenach, Robert O., 22, Kenora, Ontario, Kanada
  54. Ellis, Roland T., 23, Washington, D.C.
  55. Enfinger, Clevy, 21, Hilton, GA
  56. Erwin, Edward M., 27, Decatur, IL
  57. Fey, James R., 20, Hyattsville, MD
  58. Flannery, James A., 21, Cincinnati, OH
  59. Floyd, Boyd E., 34, Chadbourn, NC
  60. Gleason, James D., 19, Pittsfield, MA
  61. Gould, Theodore III, 23, Lutherville, MD
  62. Grammer, Adron F. Jr., 20, Hughes, AR
  63. Griffin, Roy S. Jr., 23, Lexington, KY
  64. Hannigan, Charles W., 19, Elysian, MN
  65. Hardy, Dow F., 21, Schenectady, NY
  66. Haugen, Harley J., 20, Ironton, MN
  67. Havens, Clifford E., 19, Ogdensburg, NY
  68. Henry, William O., 34, Prince George, VA
  69. Herman, Hugo C., 20, Ashley, ND
  70. Hess, Ned W., 19, Annville, PA
  71. Hogan, William J., 19, Port Huron, MI

Brodovi koji su preživjeli:

[KWE Napomena: Posada USS Wasp spasio 39 preživjelih iz USS Hobson i posada USS Rodman spasio 22 preživjela.]

  1. Archer, Leland R., Point Pleasant, NJ
  2. Arnold, Joseph F., Libanon, PA
  3. Arsenault, Joseph H., Chelsea, MA
  4. Boller, Richard G., Unoin, New Jersey
  5. Brooks, Harold M., Detroit, MI
  6. Byers, Walter Ronald, Detroit, MI
  7. Camp, Carter Y., Charleston, SC
  8. Cardwell, Thomas G., Charleston, SC
  9. Carr, Richard K., Bristol, RI
  10. Cummings, Donald E., Aliquippa, PA
  11. Dahlke, Reinhold C. Jr., Buffalo, NY
  12. Denton, Cleo D., Mechanicsburg, PA
  13. Desrosiers, Albert, Fall River, MA
  14. Drury, Donald A., Lockport, NY
  15. Elliott, Edward W., Varšava, WI
  16. Evans, James H., Steubenville, OH
  17. Gardner, Patrick E., Milwaukee, WI
  18. Hoefer, William A. Jr., Ocean Springs, MS
  19. Iseman, Paul E., Washington, DC
  20. Keleher, Lloyd F., Red Bank, NJ
  21. Kezer, Osman F. Jr., Cedarville, AR
  22. King, James H., Nashville, TN
  23. Lane, Donald D., Buchanan, NY
  24. Lankowski, Edwin I., Grand Rapids, MI
  25. LaQuiere, Arthur G., Charleston, SC
  26. Smeh, James B. Jr., Winston Salem, NC
  27. Mahoney, Peter A., ​​Warwick, RI
  28. Mancuso, Paul J., Baltimore, MD
  29. Manning, Harry K., Charleston, SC
  30. McIntyre, James F., Fall River, MA
  31. Moore, Richard C. Sr. (Moore je bio novi na brodu i nije naveden na službenoj listi preživjelih.)
  32. Moss, Ellwood S., Mastic Beach, NY
  33. Moss, Irwin I., Brooklyn, NY
  34. Murdock, Kenneth E., Onawa, IA
  35. Myers, Cecil E., Kankakee, IL
  36. Neagley, William C., Mechanicsburg, PA
  37. Nelson, Richard A., Waterville, ME
  38. Niskala, Ernest J. Jr., New York Mills, MN
  39. Noennich, Bertram B., Los Angeles, CA
  40. O'Connor, Francis W., Dorchester, MA
  41. Oliver, George T., Charleston, SC
  42. Oliveri, Vincent J., Lawrence, MA
  43. Painter, Ralph E., Gaffney, SC
  44. Parks, Raymond P., Winter Haven, FL
  45. Price, James B., Coaldale, PA
  46. Proffer, Iredell, Clarkton, MO
  47. Raps, Harry C., Port Washington, NY
  48. Rinck, Anthony J., Jacksonville, IL
  49. Ross, John S., Hillsboro, OH
  50. Martin, Jean J., Charleston, SC
  51. Sanford, David D., Starrucca, PA
  52. Sawmiller, Marion A., Lincoln Park, MI
  53. Schmidt, Arthur H. Jr., Jackson Heights, NY
  54. Shiel, James L., Osage, WVa
  55. Stefanko, James A., Masontown, PA
  56. Stewart, John W. & quotJack & quot, Syracuse, NY
  57. Wycor, John J., Brooklyn, NY
  58. Wasilkowski, Raymond M., Carteret, NJ
  59. Weidner, Leroy R., Union City, PA
  60. White, Von Dale, Elkland, MO
  61. Williams, Frank B. Jr., Charleston, SC
  62. Wilson, Harrison J., Birmingham, AL

U sjećanju

[Napomena KWE: Da biste dodali spomen na svoju voljenu osobu koja je poginula prilikom potonuća USS Hobsona, pošaljite Lynnitu e-poštom s tekstom i fotografijama ili poštom na adresu Lynnita Brown, 111 E. Houghton St., Tuscola, IL 61953.]

Objavljene priče o USS Hobsonu

Minolovac Hobson posječen u sudaru s nosačem od James Donahue

Među strašnim pričama u godišnjicama američke mornarice je i gubitak minolovca Hobsona koji je došao u sudar s nosačem aviona Wasp u sjevernom Atlantiku 1952. Hobson dugačak 348 stopa nije se mogao mjeriti s masovnom Osom, bio je prerezan na dva dijela i potonuo tako brzo da je sa sobom do dna odvelo 176 mornara.

Nakon što je preživjela aktivne pomorske bitke u europskim i pacifičkim kazalištima Drugoga svjetskog rata, uključujući napad kamikazom, Hobson je raspoređena na obuku duž atlantske obale do izbijanja Korejskog rata 1950. Zatim je raspoređena u Atlantsku flotu, pružanje podrške nosačima u amfibijskim operacijama i čuvanje aviona.

Hobson je svoju sudbinu dočekao 26. aprila 1952. godine, dok je bio s razaračem Rodmanom i pratio je nosioca osa na putu za Mediteran. Oko 22 sata. te noći Wasp se oporavljao od aviona nakon rutinske operacije noćnog letenja, dok su Hobson i Rodman parili oko 1000 metara iza sebe kako bi oporavili sve pilote koji bi možda morali odletjeti.

Kad se vjetar iznenada promijenio, Osa se pretvorila u njega, ali Hobson nije uspio primiti signal za okretanje i nastavio je pariti naprijed. Posljedično je parila ravno preko nadolazećeg pramca nosača i pogođena je usred brodova sa desne strane. Sudar je Hobsona prevrnuo sa njegove lučke strane i razorio nesrećni brod na dva dela. Krma minolovca okrenula se i zabila se u pramac ose, otvarajući zjapeću rupu na nosaču.

Hobson je potonuo u roku od nekoliko minuta, ostavljajući veliku naftnu mrlju oko nosača, koji je sada stajao mrtav u vodi. Većina posade Hobsona bila je ispod palube, spavala je kad se nesreća dogodila i nikada nije imala priliku. Od posade od 236. preživjelo je samo 80 ljudi. Zapovjednik je također poginuo. Oni koji su to uspjeli zgrabili su prsluke za spasavanje i splavove izbačene u vodu natopljenu naftom iz Osa i Rodmana.

Osa nije bila u opasnosti da potone i nakon sudara odšepala je kući. Rupa u njenom pramčanom pramcu bila je duga 76 stopa.

Bio je to tužan i neočekivan kraj za galantni brod. Naručena 1942. godine, Hobson je služila u svakoj velikoj pomorskoj akciji SAD -a u Europskom ratu, a zatim se preselila na Pacifik gdje je preživjela šest krvavih angažmana u tom kazalištu. Brod je dobio šest Battle Stars -a i nagradu Predsjedničke jedinice.

Komentari čitalaca

[KWE Napomena: Da biste dodali komentar, pošaljite e-poruku Lynniti ili pošaljite poruku Lynniti Brown, St. E. Houghton 111, Tuscola, IL 61953.]

2002-2016 Korejski ratni pedagog. Sva prava zadržana. Zabranjena je neovlaštena upotreba materijala.


Lost-at-sea-memorials.com

Kao veteran pomorskog vazduhoplovstva, iz prve ruke sam se uverio u opasnosti operacija nosača aviona. Dok se izvode letovi, aktivnosti iznad i ispod palube na prijevozniku moraju biti pomno koordinirane. Greške prečesto dovode do ozbiljnih nesreća.

Ova pažljiva koordinacija aktivnosti proteže se izvan samog nosača aviona, do brodova za podršku koji prate nosač. Kada se gledaju iz zrakoplova odozgo, ovi brodovi za podršku stalno se bave preciznim baletom kako bi ostali u ispravnom položaju blizu krme i sa strane nosača kako bi podržali operacije lansiranja i oporavka leta. Ovo nije lak zadatak. Nosač uvijek ‘ lovi vjetar ’ – stalno mijenja smjer i brzinu da zadrži dovoljan vjetar koji teče direktno niz palubu. Brodovi za podršku imaju zadatak da zadrže pravilan položaj u odnosu na nosač, često noću ili po lošem vremenu i teškom moru.

The U.S.S. Hobson (DD-464) , a Gleaves-razarač klase izgrađen je u mornaričkom dvorištu Charleston i pušten u rad ubrzo nakon izbijanja Drugog svjetskog rata. Tokom rata vidjela je akcije u sjevernoj Africi, zapadnom Atlantiku i na Dan D. Krajem 1944. pretvorena je u razarač-minolovac i reklasificirala DMS-26. Nakon ovog obraćenja vidjela je tešku akciju u blizini Okinawe, gdje je pretrpjela značajne žrtve i štetu od neprijateljskih samoubilačkih napada. Popravke su završene nakon Drugog svjetskog rata i Hobson godine preuzeo dužnost uništavača-minolovaca u Atlantskoj floti.

U noći 26. aprila 1952. godine Hobson je bio brod za podršku nosaču aviona U.S.S. Osa (CV-18), koja je izvodila letačke operacije 700 milja zapadno od Azora. The Wasp počeo okretanje u vjetar kako bi se pripremio za oporavak aviona. The Hobson potrebno za manevriranje kako bi se održao ispravan položaj u odnosu na Wasp. Dogodila se tragična pogrešna računica Hobson most te noći. The Hobson okrenuo luku u manevru koji je zahtijevao prelazak pramca Osa, umjesto da jednostavno zaostanete za Wasp i okretanje u budnom stanju nosača. The Hobson je pogođen usred brodova Wasp. Sudar je presekao Hobson na pola. Potonula je za manje od pet minuta. 176 njene posade izgubljeno je na moru, mnogi su spavali u svojim odjelima za vez.

Pročitao sam nekoliko izvještaja o događajima na mostu Hobson te noći najbolje je pronađeno u knjizi Kit Bonner, Final Voyages. Službena istraga mornarice prebacila je krivicu na komandnog oficira Hobson, Zapovjednik poručnika W.J. Tierney, koji je poginuo u nesreći. Dovoljno je reći da su se te noći prekinuli postupci – i da je 176 muškaraca platilo najveću cijenu za grešku u prosuđivanju.

Vlade i njihova vojska rijetko grade spomenike onima koji su poginuli u nesrećama i ne žele skrenuti pažnju na takve incidente. Unutar prekrasnog područja Battery u Charlestonu u Južnoj Karolini, međutim, stoji spomenik onima koji su izgubljeni u Hobson nesreća. Izgradio ga je i platio “U.S.S. Hobsonovo memorijalno društvo ” – grupa bivših brodskih drugova, porodica i prijatelja izgubljenih muškaraca iz Hobson. Jedna strana spomenika ukratko opisuje događaje od 26. aprila 1952. Druga strana navodi imena izgubljenih, te vrijeme i datum nesreće. Spomenik je jednostavan kao umjetničko djelo, ali moje oči privlači platforma#8211 izgrađena od kamenja prikupljenog iz 38 matičnih država onih koji su izgubljeni na moru u samo četiri minute. Ovo kamenje, možda više od svega u vezi sa spomen obilježjem, stvara vizualnu sliku u boji i broju razmjera gubitka života te aprilske noći. Gledano odozgo, gotovo se može zamisliti mali brod koji se raspada na velikom okeanu, živi iz brojnih država razbacanih po atlantskom dnu, poput kamenja platforme – ovdje leži dječak iz Ohia, drugi iz Teksasa i jedan iz Kalifornije tamo, i dalje …

Oštećenja na Wasp prikazujući nasilje sudara. The Wasp izgubila gotovo 90 stopa luka.

Lijepe fotografije Jim Terescoa#8217

Dodatne informacije o istoriji U.S.S. Hobson možete pronaći na sljedećim linkovima:

49 odgovora na “U.S.S. Hobsonov memorijal ”

Cynthia Walther rekao:

Moj ujak, Frank Zwingman bio je jedan od posade izgubljene na moru kada je Hobson potonuo. Veoma sam zahvalan što sam pronašao ovaj članak i spomen -slike. Gubitak mog ujaka bio je jedna od najvećih tuga moje majke u životu, nikada se u našoj kući nije razgovaralo o tragičnim događajima tog dana jer joj je bilo tako bolno, čak i sada. Nadam se da ću jednog dana otputovati u Charleston da vidim spomenik i vidim ime mojih ujaka.

Lucy Estep rekao:

Hvala vam puno na Hobsonovoj informaciji. Moj ujak, Arthur Bass, također je bio izgubljen na moru, a ni o njemu se nije mnogo pričalo.

Radim na knjizi o porodičnoj istoriji kroz fotografije i bio sam oduševljen što sam naišao na ovaj blog. Sačuvao sam slike knjižice za posvete i koristiću je u našoj porodičnoj knjizi koju može podijeliti svaki član porodice.

Hvala vam puno na dijeljenju!

Michele Torrice rekao:

Moj imenjak i ujak Michael Amico izgubljen je na moru na USS Hobson mjesec dana prije mog rođenja. Moji djedovi i bake, posebno draga baka, nikada se nisu oporavili od gubitka sina. Do današnjeg dana, oči moje mame imaju izgled tuge koja nikada neće nestati niti može čak ni govoriti o njemu ili njegovoj preuranjenoj smrti, a moj tata će tiho plakati i zvuk njegovog imena. Davne 1999. godine, moja sestra i ja smo se, dok smo bile na odmoru u Myrtle Beachu, odvezle do Charlestona jer smo htjele vidjeti Memorial i ime našeg ujaka Michaela. Nismo uspjeli locirati Memorijal i niko u Charlestonu, S.C. nije znao o čemu govorimo. Bilo je jako žalosno što nikada nismo pronašli Spomen obilježje i što nas niko nije mogao uputiti na njega. Upućeni smo na nosač aviona koji je sada muzej, a postojao je i čitav odjeljak posvećen USS Hobsonu. Ujak Michael bio je toliko dio našeg života, čak ni u smrti, nikada mu nećemo dopustiti da ga zaboravi, iako je umro prije nego što sam se rodio, osjećam se kao da ga poznajem cijeli život … … bit će 59 godina prije ove godine.

Chuck Arnold rekao:

Gdje se tačno (geografska širina/dužina) dogodilo potonuće “Hobsona ”?

Chuck – Potonuće 700 milja zapadno od Azorskih ostrva (38 stepeni 27 minuta sjeverno/41 stepen 21 minutu zapadno) – Dan

Karl Wagner rekao:

Moj otac, Horst Wagner bio je član posade i sišao je s brodom. Imala sam 13 mjeseci, a brat još nije rođen. Ovo je prvi put da sam zaista pročitao stvarne izvještaje o onome što se dogodilo te nesretne noći. Nikada nisam imala priliku da upoznam svog oca, iako imam mnogo njegovih slika na kojima me drži. Često se pitam o životima preživjelih i poteškoćama pokušavajući živjeti s tim strašnim sjećanjem na događaje te noći. Imao sam priliku prije 7 godina, na službenom putu u Charlestonu, posjetiti spomenik i vidjeti ime mog oca i imena svih ostalih koji su se te noći izgubili na moru. Nisam siguran šta bih rekao, niti koja bih pitanja mogao postaviti, ali pozdravljam priliku, ako je postojala, da komuniciram s nekim od preživjelih, ili čak s jednim od članova njihove porodice. Očigledno je da je ta nesreća promijenila tok toliko života, znam da su se moji baka i djed borili sa gubitkom sina, koji je rođen u Njemačkoj, a u Ameriku je došao kao vrlo malo dijete i na kraju dao život za ovu zemlju. Prošlo je skoro 60 godina, ali i dalje se često pitam kakav bi život bio da nikada nije umro.

Laura Richards rekao:

Moja majka je izgubila svog rođaka, Davida Bakera one noći kada je Hobson potonuo. Imao je 19 godina. Tako tužno. Planiram posjetiti spomenik ove sedmice kada posjetim Charleston.

Lori Grey, Viskonsin rekao:

Jedini brat moje majke, Harold Carlson Jr., bio je član posade i sišao je s brodom. Imao je samo 17 godina i bio je tako mali da je jedva postigao težinu. Moji baka i djed su bili razvedeni, a moj djed mu je potpisao da mu se pridruži, znajući da će Junior, kakvog smo ga oduvijek poznavali, pronaći način da se pridruži. Moja majka je tada imala samo 21 godinu, ali nikada nije preboljela gubitak. Rođen sam 10 godina kasnije 1962. godine, pa nikada nisam upoznao mlađeg, ali sam čuo toliko priča o njemu da mi se čini da ga dobro poznajem. Imam pismo napisano mojoj baki od preživjelog brodskog druga Freda Kezera mlađeg, i odlična slika njega i kapetana broda ... ako bi fotografije mogle pričati.
Mlađi ima smiješak na licu, a kapetan ga gleda s osmijehom na licu, mogu samo zamisliti šta je mogao reći.

Miki Behnke rekao:

Brat mog muža bio je jedan od onih koji su se te noći izgubili na Hobsonu. Upravo je otišao sa straže prema informacijama koje je porodica dobila. Vidjeli smo spomen obilježje u Charlestonu i bilo nam je jako dirljivo.

Moj ujak, Robert Ortlip, bio je član posade američke vojske Hobson i sišao s brodom 26. aprila 1952. Imamo spomen -knjigu i njegovo ime je navedeno u knjizi.

patricia clanton rekao:

Živim u centru Charlestona i uvijek sam prolazila pored spomenika. Danas sam htio istražiti šta se zapravo dogodilo nakon što sam to izbliza pogledao. Ako neko želi sliku imena svojih najmilijih, pokušaću da je pronađem za vas i poslaću vam je e -poštom. Bio sam tužan što sam danas stajao ispred njega i čitao imena, godine i grad odakle su bili. Moje najdublje saučešće onima koji su izgubili svoje najmilije. Moja adresa e -pošte je [email protected] Ako posjetite Charleston, on se nalazi na Murray Blvd -u, na onome što je poznato kao Battery, kao i White Point Gardens. Srdačne želje, Patricia

joseph h arsenault rekao:

Ja sam član posade i cijenim komentare i moje srce čak i nakon toliko vremena suza mi padne na oči kad razmislim o tome. iskreno joseph h. arsenault

Lauretta rekao:

Izgubio sam ujaka, Gradyja Pattersona, na ovom brodu. Moj otac se uvek pitao šta se zaista dogodilo. Pretpostavljam da nikada nećemo saznati. Bog blagoslovio mog ujaka.

Lauretta Patterson rekao:

Moj ujak Grady Patterson spustio se s ovim brodom. Nikada nisam znao da postoji spomen obilježje. Hvala Bogu što sam pronašao ovu web stranicu. Moj otac je mnogo pričao o incidentu. To se dogodilo godinu dana prije mog rođenja. Molim vas da me obavijestite ako neko zna nešto o Pattersonovima. Hvala ti

Ronald E. Leonard rekao:

MOJ DOBRI PRIJATELJ I IGRAČ, KENNETH L.MULLINS, 18 GODINA JE BILA JEDNA od 178 DUŠA IZGUBLJENIH TOG DANA U ŽASNOJ KOLISIJI SA VASOM.
SADA Skoro sam 80-MOG ŽIVOTA JE PREDNJI U MOZEM MOZU PODSJEĆANJE NA DOGAĐAJE KOJI SU UTJECALI NA MOJ PUT KROZ POSLJEDNJIH 60 GOD. THANK YOU FOR THE OPPORTUNITY TO EXPRESS MY FEELINGS.

Colleen Alber rekao:

My father, Francis W. O’Connor, was one of the survivors of the collision. He did not speak of it to me during my childhood, but I do know it was an incredibly painful memory that he carried with him everyday and every night of his life. It was not until this past decade that I began to hear small bits and pieces about the tragedy. My father would travel each year to Charleston to reunite with the other survivors. He passed away this May at the age of 81. May he rest in peace with the men, the friends, he thought of and missed dearly.

My girlfriend and I are driving from Philadelphia to Florida for vacation. My girlfriend mentioned that she would like to stop and sleep over in Charleston on our way back. I hope to see the memorial to honor my Uncle Bobby (Robert P. Ortlip) who I never met by visiting the memorial.

Thomas C. Robinson rekao:

On that dreadful night I had a cousin that went down on the Hobson. When Cecil Ray Mauzy was in on leave before he went back, he gave me a white sailor’s cap, had his name on it. I kept it for years,I still had it when I got married, but somewhere I let it get away from me. I was 10 years old at the time of the accident, never seen him again, his body was never recovered. I believe he was 24. .. I think of you often, Cecil

Merritt Crawford rekao:

Colleen Alber,I had the good fortune to meet your father on a plane right after a commemoration event in 2011. We stayed in touch every so often and I adored his friendship. After not being able to reach him for a while, I did some research and learned of his death and am deeply saddened. My heart goes out to you and your family. Frank did not speak much of the tradgedy to me but just the knowledge of it spurred me to look into and I have since visited the Yorktown, thinking of him every minute of the tour. He is most certainly missed dearly, even by someone who was only a friend for a short time.

Dear Colleen
I knew your father well,I Also was a survivor
I spoke to your father last April about attending
reunion but could not make it as planned. I had
attended many of the reunions and seen your father
many times over the years.I called him this Jan.
about attending this year and thats when I found
out he had passed this last May.I will miss him
this year at the memorial.
Arthur

Jerry Martin rekao:

I don’t know what brought me to this site today, maybe it was a dream that had of my dad in the other night. He was Gerald L. Martin, and I was eight years old when he served aboard the Carrier WASP CV18 the night of the terrible accident with the Destroyer Hobson. In later years he would tell me about it. I found a list of the crew of the Hobson that were lost that night, and I will pray for them.

joanne comins rick rekao:

i am the namesake for my uncle, john p comins, who was lost that night i was born a year later and never knew him, but he was always a part of my life growing up. every april from my earliest memories, we drove to charleston for the memorial services-my parents and grandparents the saturday night dinners, sometimes on the naval base staying at the fort sumter hotel and the sunday memorial services with full military honors, the navy band the guns salute the white crisp uniforms against the impossibly clear blue skies drenched in sunlight the speeches and the tears. we would look at the memorial and touch the names although its been 60 years now, it’s all still raw just beneath the surface. i’ve never learned about my uncle’s life aboard ship, or what he was doing before the ship sank. of that my grandparents and parents would not speak, even if they themselves ever knew. and now they’re gone, too. if anyone knows or has stories to share, i would love to hear.

My Uncle, David Baker was lost that night. My son took me to the memorial in SC to fulfill a lifelong wish. I was a young child when David died, his Navy photo was on my grandmothers dresser thru out her life. When I saw the monument I cried and tried to explain to my three grandchildren who this Uncle David was and about that tragic night. May the men & their families have peace knowing their stories live on thru us. Thank you for sharing Claudia Baker-Thompson

Denver A Norman rekao:

I WAS FIVE YRS WHEN MY BROTHER WAS LOST AND ONE OF THE MANY WERE SLEEPING. His NAME IS Richard E Norman and would love to hear from all who may have know him. hvala
Denver A Norman

Ron Ross rekao:

John S. Ross, my father was one of three radiomen on watch. He survived of course or I would not be here today. His story is a great one. He just passed away this past February at the age of 81. We miss him so very much it hurts. I’d hoped to spend many more days with him in our woodshop inventing things, but there apparently were other plans for him.
He did 4 years total in the Navy, got out and became a Chief Radio Tech for the Ohio State HP. Retired from there in 85, then him and Mom rode a motorcycle in all 50 States incl yes Hawaii when I was stationed there myself.
Love and miss you both.

Bob Morley rekao:

My grandfather was aboard as well William Mansfield

I was a crew member of U.S.S. O’Hare DD 889, part of the task group. Our ship participated in the search and rescue. We had a passenger, a reporter for the Boston Globe aboard. He wrote a story and we transmitted it stateside the next day. Here is the taxt from the original typewritten document.

U.S.S. O’HARE (DD 889)
At Sea
280300Z April
Press Release by Lawrence Dame, Staff Writer, Boston Herald
In Mid Atlantic Aboard a U.S. Destroyer at Scene of Sinking, Sunday: –
The U.S. airplane carrier Wasp collided with and sank the destroyer minesweeper Hobson during maneuvers 485 miles southeast of Newfoundland at 10:30 mid-Atlantic time (8:30 Boston time) last night. So far as can be learned, 187 Hobson lives were lost as the sharp bow of the 40,000-ton flattop sliced her 2400-ton guardship in two. The twain of coffins, largely filled with men in bunks, plummeted immediately to a bottom nearly three miles down.Latest reports place 63 Hobson survivors including seven officers, out of a complement of about 250. A desperate 10-hour search in rough weather that developed into a howling northeast gale with rain and rotting visibility had to be called to a halt at 9:30 A.M. danas. The Wasp, so badly damaged that she is proceeding through the storm stern-first at speeds as slow as eight knots in punishing waves, lost no men in the sudden crash.
The dangerous weather, fine yesterday during general exercises of a fleet bound for Europe from Norfolk, made it certain early today that no survivors not picked up in the gallant rescue efforts from the Wasp and a destroyer during the first two hours could remain alive. A naval board of inquiry on shore will be asked to determine the unexplained cause of the American Navy’s worst disaster since World War Two.
A helicopter and a group of destroyers rushed at all available speed from another maneuvering area 50 miles away made every possible attempt to find bodies in a tempestuous sea strewn with wreckage, empty life rafts, empty life jackets and an oil slick from the ill-fated craft’s tanks. Only one man, a dead chief petty officer, was picked up in the increasingly raging waters early this morning. The body, identified as that of H. D. Hopkins, address unlisted as yet, was transferred from one of the small boats the injred Wasp put overboard for rescues to the destroyer O’HARE early today.
Mute, pitiful testimony of the fact that tragedy struck without warning on a rolling sea under faint stars and a black sky came through the empty life preservers. Most of the Hobson’s men were trapped below decks, many in their bunks and many never at sea before, with a watch of about seven and possibly as many officers out of the 15 aboard on the alert. There could have been no frantic rushes up the steel ladders from the ship’s bowels. Several of the survivors are injured, a few critically, and are in the wallowing Wasp’s sick bay or on the destroyer Rodman, not to be reached because of heavy seas from my destroyer.
We received the alarm aboard the O’HARE, 50 miles from the death scene, which was at 42.20 north latitude and 44.15 west longitude, at just about 8:30 P.M. Boston time, after night plane maneuvers had barely reached an end. The planes that had located us in the darkness came from the recently recommissioned Wasp, dropped flares, and headed back for their ship’s haven. Several had not succeeded in making the flight deck before the crash occurred.
What they could not see, and what I saw in wonder when daylight came, were two bites out of the bow keel of the carrier visible at the waterline. The two, the front one larger than the other, extended for about 50 feet, or 17 structural frames along this line and the forward nip, perhaps 35 feet wide snapped off the keel 28 feet below.
While temporary repairs and shorings to strengthen the disfigured beak were being made from the interior, with skill that tested the ingenuity of the Wasp’s command and men to the utmost, the waves, often 25 feet high, forced the craft to turn round and proceed slowly backward. A long dockyard job, possible only in the states, will be necessary. More than 2000 men and many planes are aboard.
What I saw from the O’HARE, with Commdr. O.D. MacMillan as captain, is typical of the post-disater scene and attempted rescue activity. For 50 miles, there was nothing but obscurity cut by searchlights on the hustling destroyers sent to the rescue by Rear Admiral Chester C. Wood, with his flotilla command on the destroyer Stribling. He led the valiant destroyer effort.
Then we suddenly saw what appeared to be a circle of lights. Then debris, including oranges from the Hobson’s food lockers, shone under our persistent lights. Rescue crews lined the main weather decks of the destroyers. They held ropes, grapnels, hooks, life jackets, small lights and other rescue gear. Medical aides prepared sick bays in wardrooms and cooks heated broth for survivors.
Indicative of the self-sacrificing esprit de corps that spread through the entire fleet when disaster struck was the fact that 25 swimmers aboard the O’HARE volunteered to go into the perilous water before Skipper MacMillan said no. Unhappily, it was too late for them to do any good except to haul the stray, empty lifesaving gear and other floating relics including much clothing, aboard.
The Wasp, responsible for the safety of planes still in the dark sky which a few hours before a fleeting crescent moon had helped illuminate, put over all available rafts, jackets and boats before she got into a new receiving position for her winged wards. Many a flyer wondered why all the commotion on the surface from the sky, so contrary to the usual well-oiled night tactics.
The whole fleet, saddened by the loss of a sailor overboard from the same Hobson on Friday, during refueling tactics in a mean rolling sea, went in gloom over a disaster which many at first refused to believe ever could happen. Whatever did happen, and it is not safe to surmise since it may have been due to mechanical fault rather than human error, one thing seems clear. When struck by the mighty Wasp, the tiny mine sweeper which was acting as a guard for whatever planes might fail to land on the Wasp decks, must have rolled over in two parts. Her remnants, with men who could not have suffered agony for more than a few seconds, took the big bite out of the forward bow and keel. Then in rolling over, the smaller gulp was snatched. In coming up after pitching, the Wasp today clearly showed the far horizon where solid steel once plowed the water. No more careful scrutiny of wreckage and flotsam than that made for more than 10 arduous and dangerous hours in increasingly bad weather by the rescue screen of destroyers could be imagined. Yet its results were zero. Except to prove what many had feared in a murky dawn that hope must be abandoned despite a mild temperature of 64 in water and air. Too may men had gone down with their ship without a chance to know what happened. The 63 rescued, most of them picked up within two hours after the tragedy, were the pitifully small company of lucky ones. Even a few of these may not live.
By cruel irony of a fickle sea, today was the worst of the six-day voyage out of Norfolk. Destroyer crews took heavy punishment in great waves. It was hazardous indeed to pass on the weather decks next to the water. The single helicopter that mad its frail-seeming eggbeater trips low to and fro over the ocean could not be joined by heavier planes. Nobody wanted to risk any life on this fatal ground as Rear Admiral H.B. Jarrett, in command of the fleet, indicated. Before departure the first bird of the day, a tiny gull, hovered over the oil slick as though to land then darted away. Men of the Wasp, in craft ranging from whaleboats to the captain’s brassy gig, did more than mortals should have to accomplish to haul in the 63 survivors. They were aided nobly by the guard destroyer Rodman, assigned to the Wasp along with the Hobson, before the main rescue elements staged their futile arrival. At dawn the littered water was a penetrating 46 degrees. The wind was 14 knots, rose suddenly to 28, died down and then as quickly roared up to gale force of 40 miles an hour or better. The scene of tragedy, 615 miles west northwest of the Azores, is 2725 fathoms deep or 2.7 miles. It has been abandoned finally tonight, all hope vanished. The red-eyed vigil ended. Nearly exhausted destroyer men either staggered to bunks or reported for the few regular turns of duty a Sunday requires at sea.
What appeared to be a Portuguese square-rigger, bound home for Lisbon after a winter on the Grand Banks, was the only unofficial ship anywhere near the scene. She apparently plied on toward the Azores in blissful ignorance of Sabbath disaster. She would have no survivors. A memorial service which was to have been held in the fleet for what seemed so much of a tragedy on Friday the loss overboard from Hobson of J.J. O’Leary, address undetermined had to be postponed because of weather and the newer surprise today. The Hobson, listed by Jane’s as 2575 tons, 348 feet long, complement 250, was launched in 1941, September. The Wasp, listed at 33,000 but much heavier with load, is 888 feet and built in 1943. Hobson cost 15 million.

Phylis Ann Cutler Dye rekao:

My brother, Donald L. Cutler, served on the USS Hobson and was one of the many who lost their lives that fateful day. I was almost 5 years old and to this day I still have memories of him and hear stories of how he “spoiled his little sister”. May God Bless all who were lost and those who miraculously survived. Hvala ti.

Charles Hatch rekao:

I would like to speak to any family member of Jim McBride. My name is Charles Hatch. I live in Millsboro, Delaware. My telephone number is (302) 663- 0157 or you can email me at the above address

Chuck Lankowski rekao:

My dad Edwin Lankowski was a survivor.

Michael R. Potts rekao:

My Uncle Jack (Robert Jackson) Potts was also lost in the sinking of the Hobson. The memorial is located in the park at Battery Park, Charleston,SC. According to my aunt (Jacks sister) they still have memorial services every year at the end of April. Could check and find out for sure.

My PawPaw’s twin brother died on this ship. I always thought it would be cool to meet him. I hate he had to feel that type of pain. Rest well Mr.Eugene Buckner and Mr.Ernest Buckner. Together again after all those years. Love you both.rest well in Heaven.

Donny Shore rekao:

My half brother Jack Shore lost his life that night on the Hobson. He died before I was born so my curiosity runs wild trying too gather info. Of him and those around him on that fateful night. If any of the survivors are still available for discussion or recognize my brother’s name, please contact me. 336-366-7332. Hvala ti.

Brian Charbonneau rekao:

My dad Joseph P.Charbonneau was an electrition on the Wasp. That fateful night he manned one of the Wasps search light he is my hero. All those sailors and marines were hero’s as well. U served 10years active duty as a Sgt crew chief and doorgunner. On huey Helios.2000 flight hours. My dad Joseph P. Charbonneau is my hero to this day. R. S. Sgt B.D.Charbonneau usmc retired. 603-204-1355.

Fran Burns rekao:

My uncle Teddy Gould from Maryland died in this tragic accident. I was not yet born but learn about him from my mom and his Gilman football trophy, a memorial fund at Princeton and a few sports photos. Please email if you knew him . [email protected]

Peggy Shore Money rekao:

I am attempting to learn if there will be a Memorial Service in Charleston this year for the Hobson. If anyone sees this and has any information on the Memorial please send e-mail. Hvala ti.

William Shane Senseney rekao:

Before I retired, in my younger years I was a color guard for this memorial two years in a row. As a Mineman this ship and it’s crew held a special placed to us Mineman. Two of our Mineman also died that night. I retired here in Charleston and would like to offer my services to any family members that would like to have a picture of a loved ones name. You can reach me at [email protected]

Judi Davis Barra rekao:

My uncle, Richard A. Royce was aboard the USS Hobson and was one of the 176 that drowned when the ship went down. I never got to meet him as the collision occurred a year and a half before I was born. He was my mother’s brother.

James L Turner III rekao:

I was nine months old and my mother was seven months pregnant when my father went down with the USS Hobson. I took my eldest son to the Charleston Memorial in 1984. It was an emotional torment for which I was not prepared. Even now, at the age of 67, I get sad thinking about how my father died.

I am writing a book on the history of the USS Hobson. My father served on the Hobson during WWII 1942-44. I would appreciate anything that anyone can share on the subject of the Hobson. I am in the research stage right now and would love to talk with anyone connected with the Hobson (including survivors). I know there are not too many survivors left. Family members of those who perished and those who survived. Family members from the WWII era etc. Pictures of the Hobson and her crew. Memorabilia from the Hobson and reunions in Charleston. I live in Charleston and feel a special connection to the Hobson. Hvala ti!

David O Whitten rekao:

I have the newspaper article on the launching of HOBSON and the Launching Program. I can post them

Zdravo! I found a bible that belongs to a Chester J. Wilks Jr. if Miami who was onboard this ship. I would love to locate his family to give them this. Assistance is greatly appreciated.

tom keane rekao:

A good friend of mine, Charles (“Jolly Cholly”) Mac Anulty, lost his life aboard the Hobson. He was 18 years old. His death was a real shock to the small town of Ventura, California

Daryll rekao:

My grandfather was Arthur Schmidt, an electrician aboard the Hobson when it sunk. He was one of the survivors. If any of you remember him could you reach out? [email protected] . He passed when I was 11 and never got to ask him about his time in the navy.

Dave Lyle rekao:

Zach Hagan McCord was from Greenwood, SC and a Clemson alumnus, Class of 󈧳. He is on our Scroll of Honor Memorial, located across the street from the east end of Memorial Stadium. If anyone knows anything else about him, please send it to me and I will add it to his profile on our Scroll of Honor Website. [email protected]

Martha Lubitz rekao:

My father, Cecil Lubitz, was an ensign aboard the Hobson during the war.
He is 95 years old and in failing health.
I pulled up a picture of the Hobson by which my father was very much moved.
God bless the souls of the men who lost their lives in the terrible tragedy that sunk the Hobson!

Carolyn Bryant Lyde, MD rekao:

11/30/2020
My half brother, (Clayton) Eddie Bryant was a 17 year old who lost his life on the Hobson, in 1952. I was born in 1958, and would very much like to connect with any of the survivors who may have known him.

Laurel Millette rekao:

My grandfather was one of the few survivors – he was on leave that night. My understanding is the family preserved what remained – I believe my grandfather helped write the condolences.

I’m happy to put survivors in touch with my Aunt – not sure what she has but she is our family’s unofficial archivist.

My grandfather’s name was John Georges – i believe he was an officer. Such a heartbreaking loss.

Bruce Brews rekao:

Robin Greene rekao:

My father was one of the survivors. No matter how strong he wanted to have us see him to be when he told the story about that night, we all knew it had to bother him terribly. My dads name was John S Ross from Hillsboro, OH. Dad passed away in 2014. He was one of the kindest people you would ever meet. I loved him with all of my heart.


Sinking

With the outbreak of the Korean War in June 1950, Hobson‍ '​s schedule of training intensified. She took part in amphibious exercises off North Carolina and in Puerto Rico in 1950–51, and took part in carrier operations as a plane guard and screening ship.

During one such operation on the night of 26 April 1952, Hobson was steaming in formation with carrier Wasp (CV-18) about 600 miles (1000 kilometers) west of the Azores at 38°27'N 41°21'WG. Wasp needed to turn to recover aircraft. The carrier's escort vessels had two options, slow down and let Wasp turn, or cross in front of the carrier. The Hobson's Commanding Officer, Lieutenant Commander W.J. Tierney and the ship's Officer of the Deck, Lieutenant William Hoefer, argued over which option was to be carried out. The Commanding Officer won, and decided to cross the bow. Lt. Hoefer announced on the deck "Prepare for collision!, Prepare for collision!" Hobson crossed the carrier's bow and was promptly struck amidships. The force of the collision rolled the destroyer-minesweeper over, breaking her in two. Rodman (DD-456) and Wasp rescued many survivors, but the ship and 176 of her crew were lost, including Tierney. With no time to don lifejackets, some survivors were left treading water in the Atlantic Ocean for up to four hours.


Hobson DD- 464 - History

The USS Hobson off Charleston, South Carolina, March 4, 1942. She is painted in camouflage Measure 12 (Modified). This Photograph has been censorned to remove radar antenna her foremast and Mark 37 gun director.

USS Hobson (DD-464/DMS-26), a Gleaves-class destroyer, was the only ship of the United States Navy to be named for Richmond Pearson Hobson, who was awarded the Medal of Honor for actions during the Spanish-American War. He would later in his career attain the rank of Rear Admiral and go on to serve as a congressman from the state of Alabama.

Hobson (as DD-464) was launched at the Charleston Navy Yard, on 8 September 1941 sponsored by Mrs. R. P. Hobson, widow of Rear Admiral Hobson and commissioned on 22 January 1942, Commander R. N. McFarlane in command.

Expended cartridge cases and powder tanks from the ship’s 5″/38 guns litter the deck, after firing in support of the Normandy invasion off Utah Beach, June 6, 1944. This view was taken on the ship’s afterdeck, with mount 54 at right.

The USS Hobson was built in the Charleston ship yard in South Carolina and was launched for the first time on September 8, 1941. The Hobson fought in various battles during World War II, including the invasion of Normandy. Following World War II, the Hobson was involved in fairly peaceful endeavors until the start of the Korean War. In the early 1950’s the Hobson was involved in two military exercises off the coast of Puerto Rico and North Carolina.

The Hobson is most known not for its military endeavors, but for a tragic incident involving another American ship. On April, 26 1952 the Hobson encountered the event that would lead it to fame. During the night, while most of the crew was sleeping, the captain of the Hobson, confused due to the darkness, gave the order to change course several times, unknowingly leading her straight into the path of another ship. The USS Wasp, a carrier, collided with the much smaller destroyer-minesweeper, the Hobson, near the Azores Islands in the Atlantic. The force caused the Hobson to roll and split in half, tossing the crew into the ocean. The ship lay beneath a blanket of water, at the bottom of the ocean within a total of four minutes. Of the 176 crew members who lost their lives, 150 were estimated to be sleeping at the time of the collision never even given a chance at survival. KapetanHobson, the most likely culprit of this disaster, went down with his ship. Following the crash, Waspcrewmembers, hastened to pull survivors from the wreckage. They managed to rescue 61 American military personnel from an eternal slumber at sea.

Potapanje USS Hobson became one of the great tragedies of the Cold War. It led to the greatest amount of loss of American lives since World War II to that date. Americans realized that they were not always safe, and that dangers could be found in unexpected places. In the future, they had to become more prepared defensively.

Researched by Megan Overman
Volunteer for the Cold War Museum
Cosby High School


Hobson DD- 464 - History

USS Hobson , a 1630-ton Gleaves class destroyer, was built at the Charleston Navy Yard, South Carolina. Commissioned in January 1942, she escorted the carrier Ranger across the Atlantic in mid-year and participated with her in the November invasion of North Africa. Hobson continued as Ranger 's consort for most of 1943, taking part in the carrier strike on shipping off Norway in October. She served with anti-submarine task groups during the first months of 1944, helping to sink the German submarine U-575 on 13 March. In June and August, Hobson was part of the great armadas that supported the invasions of Normandy and Southern France. Convoy escort duties followed, lasting until November 1944, when she began conversion to a destroyer-minesweeper.

Redesignated DMS-26, Hobson steamed through the Panama Canal in January 1945 to join the war against Japan. Beginning in March, she participated in the invasion of Okinawa, providing minesweeping, patrol, radar picket and night illumination services. She was damaged by a suicide plane attack on 16 April and was later sent to the U.S. east coast for repairs, which lasted until after the Second World War ended.

Hobson remained on active duty with the Atlantic Fleet during the post-war years. When the Korean War's outbreak in late June 1950 intensified the ongoing tensions with the Soviet Union, her schedule became more vigorous, including participation in amphibious exercises and service as a fleet escort. On the night of 26 April 1952, while screening USS Wasp in the central Atlantic, the carrier collided with the much smaller destroyer minesweeper. In one of the great tragedies of the Cold War, USS Hobson was cut in two, sinking with 176 of her crew.

USS Hobson was named in honor of Rear Admiral Richmond P. Hobson, a Naval Constructor and hero of the Spanish-American War.

This page features our only views of USS Hobson , and a selected photograph of her christening.

Ako želite reprodukcije veće rezolucije od ovdje prikazanih digitalnih slika, pogledajte: & quotKako nabaviti fotografske reprodukcije. & Quot

Kliknite na malu fotografiju da biste ponudili veći prikaz iste slike.

Off Charleston, South Carolina, 4 March 1942. She is painted in camouflage Measure 12 (Modified).
This photograph has been censored to remove radar antennas atop her foremast and Mark 37 gun director.

Službena fotografija američke mornarice iz zbirki Pomorskog povijesnog centra.

Online Image: 92KB 740 x 610 pixels

Off Charleston, South Carolina, 4 March 1942. She is painted in camouflage Measure 12 (Modified).
This photograph has been censored to remove radar antennas atop her foremast and Mark 37 gun director.

Službena fotografija američke mornarice iz zbirki Pomorskog povijesnog centra.

Online Image: 91KB 740 x 585 pixels

Underway in the Atlantic, circa late 1942.
She is painted in camouflage Measure 15.

Službena fotografija američke mornarice, koja se sada nalazi u zbirkama Nacionalnog arhiva.

Online Image: 87KB 740 x 615 pixels

Reprodukcije ove slike mogu biti dostupne i putem foto reprodukcionog sistema Nacionalne arhive.

Expended cartridge cases and powder tanks from the ship's 5"/38 guns litter the deck, after firing in support of the Normandy invasion off Utah Beach, 6 June 1944. View was taken on the ship's afterdeck, with mount 54 at right.

Courtesy of Rear Admiral Kenneth Loveland, USN.

Fotografija američkog pomorskog historijskog centra.

Online Image: 90KB 740 x 515 pixels

Damage to the carrier's bow from her 26 April 1952 collision with USS Hobson (DMS-26). Photographed in drydock at Bayonne, New Jersey.
Photograph released 19 May 1952.

Službena fotografija američke mornarice iz zbirki Pomorskog povijesnog centra.

Online Image: 110KB 740 x 610 pixels

Is christened by Mrs. Richmond P. Hobson, at the Charleston Navy Yard, South Carolina, 8 September 1941. Looking on are Bishop Albert S. Thomas and The Honorable Joseph W. Powell.

Službena fotografija američke mornarice iz zbirki Pomorskog povijesnog centra.

Online Image: 109KB 740 x 615 pixels

One of the ships seen in the following photograph is probably USS Hobson (DD-464):

Charleston Navy Yard, South Carolina

Destroyers fitting out and refitting alongside the Navy Yard piers in January 1942. These ships are (from left to right):
USS Tillman (DD-641), commissioned 9 June 1942
probably USS Beatty (DD-640), commissioned 7 May 1942
probably USS Hobson (DD-464), commissioned 22 January 1942
USS Anderson (DD-411)
USS Hammann (DD-412) and
USS Mustin (DD-413).
Note that the three incomplete ships at left are painted in Measure 12 camouflage, while those refitting (at right) wear Camouflage Measure 12 (Modified).
This image is cropped from Photo # 19-N-26590, which shows USS Morris (DD-417). Note (in the left foreground, atop her Mark 37 gun director) the bracket for the antenna of an FD radar.

Photograph from the Bureau of Ships Collection in the U.S. National Archives.

Online Image: 138KB 1200 x 510 pixels

Reproductions of this image may also be available through the National Arc

In addition to the images presented above, the National Archives appears to hold other views of USS Hobson (DD-464 and DMS-26). The following list features some of these images:

Dolje navedene slike NISU u zbirkama Pomorskog povijesnog centra.
NE pokušavajte ih nabaviti postupcima opisanim na našoj stranici & quotKako nabaviti fotografske reprodukcije & quot.

Reprodukcije ovih slika trebale bi biti dostupne putem fotografskog reprodukcijskog sistema Nacionalnog arhiva za slike koje nije u posjedu Pomorskog historijskog centra.


Richmond Pearson Hobson

Greensboro, Hale County, Richmond Pearson Hobson native Richmond Pearson Hobson (1870-1937) was a graduate of the United States Naval Academy and served in the Spanish-American War. He became famous for sinking the collier USS Merrimac in Cuba's Santiago Harbor, for which he was awarded the Congressional Medal of Honor. A champion of U.S. naval supremacy, Hobson also supported the Progressive Era ideals of Prohibition, improved education, and women's suffrage as a Democratic congressional representative from Alabama's Sixth District. Cadet Richmond P. Hobson on USS Chicago After graduation, Hobson served a two-year assignment as the assistant navigator aboard the cruiser USS Chicago. Thereafter, he spent four years continuing his naval education in Paris, France, at a French school of naval design. In 1893, Hobson was appointed Assistant Naval Constructor at the U.S. Navy's Bureau of Construction and Repair in Washington, D.C. In this capacity, he supervised the construction of new naval vessels across the nation he would later advocate for the removal of all woodwork on ships because it was such a fire hazard. Eager to promote a professional military education for young naval officers, he established a three-year postgraduate course at the Naval Academy for officers in the Construction Corps. When war was declared with Spain in April 1898, Hobson was serving as a lieutenant aboard the USS Njujork, the flagship of the North Atlantic Squadron, under the command of Admiral William T. Sampson. The United States had long been interested in the affairs of Cuba, which was in the midst of a struggle for independence from Spain that many in the United States supported. The U.S. Navy implemented a blockade of Cuba in an attempt to assist the insurgency. Spanish admiral Pasqual Cervera's Caribbean Squadron, however, penetrated the American blockade and anchored in Santiago Harbor. In order to remove the threat posed by the Spanish vessels, USS Merrimac Sampson and Hobson devised a plan to block the entrance to the harbor. On the morning of June 3, Hobson and his crew of seven attempted to sink the USS Merrimac in the entrance of the harbor to create an obstruction that would trap the Spanish ships. When Hobson guided the Merrimac into the narrow part of the harbor's entrance, it quickly came under fire from the Spanish fleet that disabled its steering. As the ship drifted out of Hobson's control, he tried to sink it by exploding the vessel's five torpedoes but succeeded in detonating only two. Kada je Merrimac finally sank, it had moved beyond the entrance to the harbor, leaving the channel open. The Spanish captured Hobson and his crew and held them as prisoners of war until July 6. Though Hobson and his crew failed to blockade the Santiago Harbor (the Spanish force would be soundly defeated while fleeing the harbor on July 3), they received a heroes' welcome for their courageous exploits upon their return to the United States. For two years after the Spanish-American War, Hobson salvaged sunken Spanish ships in Santiago Harbor and in Manila Bay in the Philippines, where he contracted a debilitating case of typhoid fever. In January 1903, Hobson resigned from the U.S. Navy after 18 years of active service. Now a civilian, Hobson embarked on a nationwide lecture tour, championing U.S. naval supremacy and a progressive agenda. Rep. Richmond and Grizelda Hobson On May 25, 1905, Hobson married Grizelda Hull, with whom he would have three children. In 1906, Hobson was elected a U.S. congressman from Alabama's Sixth District and would serve four terms between 1907 and 1915. Ideologically a progressive, he promoted the building of roads and schools in rural areas and expanding agricultural instruction in rural areas and government regulation of railroads. Hobson supported a graduated income tax and the direct election of senators, which eventually became the 16th and 17th Amendments to the U.S. Constitution, respectively. He also shepherded through Congress a bill that led to the establishment of the Office of the Chief of Naval Operations. This office assumed responsibilities for commanding and overseeing the Navy's resources and personnel. The Chief of Naval Operations served as the senior military officer in the Navy and also served as an advisor to the Secretary of the Navy. Hobson also took a progressive stance on women's suffrage, viewing it as a fundamental element in the evolution of humankind and arguing that allowing women to vote would broaden their views and thus make them well-informed citizens. Rep. Richmond P. Hobson, 1914 For nearly three decades, however, Hobson's most consuming cause became banning alcohol and narcotics. He approached prohibition as a moral crusade, believing that alcohol consumption impeded the proper, progressive course of human development and evolution by weakening intellectual capabilities. In 1908, he campaigned for a prohibition amendment in Alabama, which once passed made the state dry before the nation embraced the prohibition of alcohol. In 1919, Hobson authored Alcohol and the Human Race, in which he argued that alcohol was a cause of human degeneracy. After the passage of the 18th Amendment in 1919, Hobson turned his attention to launching a world-wide prohibition campaign and raising awareness on the evils of narcotics, particularly heroin. He helped organize the International Narcotic Education Association (1923) and the World Narcotic Defense Association (1927). Although his anti-narcotics campaign never gained the momentum that the American prohibition campaign had, Hobson presided at a meeting in Geneva, Switzerland, in 1931 at which 57 countries agreed to limit the production of opium.

Magnolia Grove He is buried in Arlington National Cemetery. In honor of Hobson's naval service, the Navy christened a destroyer the USS Hobson (DD-464) at the Charleston Navy Yard in South Carolina in September 1941. Thereafter, Alabamians began to commemorate their native son. In May 1942, a bronze bust of Hobson was unveiled at the state capitol in Montgomery. The following year, Magnolia Grove, his birthplace, was deeded to the state and dedicated as a state shrine. Two Alabama cities are named for Richmond Hobson: Hobson City, Calhoun County, and Hobson, Washington County.

Hobson, Richmond Pearson. Alcohol and the Human Race. New York: Fleming R. Revell Co., 1919.


Listen to June 7, 1944 (D+1) 5:30 pm NBC news radio broadcast describing USS Corry sinking. (NBC-affiliate radio station WEAF in New York City)

Admiralty Charts 2613 and F. 1014 G.S.G.S. No. 4250: Sheets 6E/3 and 6E/4
Booklet "M" (Annex "H") France, North Coast
Coastal silhouette from LA MADELEINE (442974) to HAMEAU DU NORD (390060)
I.S.T.D. February, 1944

In the same pre-dawn incident, before the scheduled naval shelling began, while proceeding to their bombardment stations the Corry i Fitch came under fire from German shore batteries. The Fitch returned fire, immediately followed by the Corry, making them the first two ships to fire on German-occupied France. Later, after the Corry was hit, for more than an hour the USS Fitch repeatedly fired on the Saint-Marcouf (Crisbecq) battery, which had scored the fatal salvo on the Corry amidships.



CORRY SURVIVORS THANK THE USS BUTLER


Див. також [ ред. | red. kod]

  1. ↑ U skladu s ekološkim okruženjem RA 54A na različitim etapama koji su hodili: linkor «Enson», zrakoplovni «Formidabl», važni kresivi «Kent» i «Normallk», lakši kreatori «Belfast» i «Džamajka», jezici: «Mahratta», «Miln» , «Maskíter», «Matčles», «Onslou», «Saumarez», «Vestkott», «Skorpion», «Skodž», «Venus», «Savídž», «Bríssenden», «Midlton», američki «Kaps», «Gobson», radjanski «Gromkij», «Kujbišev», kanadski «Haída», norvežkij «Stord» tralʹŝiki «Sígal», «Harríêr», «Britmart», «Džejson», «Galsíon», korvet «Eglantin».
  2. ↑ U skladu s ekološkim standardom JW 54A, htjeli su: 2 kratka «Ensona» i «Tuskalusa», važnog kreatora: «Kent», 2 krevetna kreveta: «Džamajka», «Bermuda», Emisije: «Pogled», «Poklon», «Obećanje» , «Orvell», «Akonstant», «Impalsív», «Hajda», «Guron», «Irokeu», «Vajtholl», «Korí», «Fíč», «Forrest», «Gobson», korvet «Hizer», tralʹŝik «Gusar».

Pogledajte video: Treća povijest: Judeja u Kristovo doba


Komentari:

  1. Walford

    Po mom mišljenju, oni nisu u pravu. Ja sam u stanju da to dokažem. Piši mi na PM, pričaj.

  2. Orman

    Ne prilazi mi. Ko još, šta može podstaći?

  3. Nikozahn

    Relevantno gledište

  4. Vasile

    poludjeti

  5. Gardarisar

    nisi pogrešio, samo

  6. Daveon

    Bravo, I think this is the brilliant idea



Napišite poruku